U.S. Government Should Champion Foreign-Commerce Authority in Washington Export Terminal Legal Dispute

longview-coal-export-site-bv
Port of Longview, WA

Lighthouse Resources, Inc. v. Inslee, a federal lawsuit of great national consequence pending in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington (here and here are our past posts on it), has reached a critical point after a year of pre-trial developments. In its January 3, 2018 complaint, Lighthouse Resources (LHR) and BNSF Railway (which intervened as a plaintiff) allege that several Washington State officials, including Governor Jay Inslee, violated the U.S. Constitution and federal laws by blocking approval of a water-port terminal in Longview, Washington. Earlier this month, the plaintiffs moved for partial summary judgment on their claim that the officials intruded on the U.S. government’s exclusive authority over foreign commerce.

Given the lawsuit’s enormous implications for the American economy and federal foreign-affairs power, the U.S. government should file a “statement of interest” with the court urging it to enjoin Washington’s actions. Those actions—motivated, LHR and BNSF assert, by state officials’ desire to block foreign sales of a single disfavored commodity, coal—contravene a federal directive encouraging U.S. exports of energy resources to U.S. allies in Asia. Continue reading “U.S. Government Should Champion Foreign-Commerce Authority in Washington Export Terminal Legal Dispute”

Washington State Officials Usurp Federal Authority with Crusade to Block Export Terminal

Over the past several years, state and local governments have become more aggressive regulators of free-enterprise activity. Some of those states and municipalities have taken action in areas that either federal law or the U.S. Constitution reserve for uniform federal regulation.

For instance, states like Washington and California have either adopted or are pursuing their own “net neutrality” rules after the Federal Communications Commission repealed a 2015 rule. Scores of states, cities, and counties have sued to impose controls on federally approved prescription pain medications that would be different from those required by the Food and Drug Administration. And mayors, county supervisors, and state attorneys general are racing ahead of the federal government with lawsuits aimed at regulating the global concern of climate change.

Another example of what we’ll call extreme federalism has been percolating in the Pacific Northwest for over five years and is now being contested in federal court. Continue reading “Washington State Officials Usurp Federal Authority with Crusade to Block Export Terminal”