The Supreme Court’s decision last month in Daimler AG v. Bauman has been viewed by many as having its principal impact on lawsuits involving overseas events. There is no question that the decision evinces the Court’s reluctance to permit federal courts to exercise jurisdiction over controversies arising within other nations. But to focus exclusively on this aspect of Daimler overlooks its potential bombshell consequences for domestic tort litigation; it could result in major upheavals in standard operating procedures for much of the plaintiffs’ bar. Indeed, Daimler may even conceivably spell the end of most nationwide class action lawsuits.
The plaintiffs in Daimler were 22 residents of Argentina who claim to have suffered human rights abuses at the hands of Argentina’s military rulers more than 30 years ago. The plaintiffs alleged that Mercedes-Benz Argentina, a subsidiary of Daimler, aided and abetted those human rights abuses. Daimler is a German corporation whose cars are sold world-wide. It sells its cars here through its American subsidiary, Mercedes-Benz USA (MBUSA). MBUSA is a Delaware corporation with a principal place of business in New Jersey, and it distributes Daimler-manufactured cars to independent dealerships throughout the U.S., including many in California.
The plaintiffs filed suit in a federal district court in California against Daimler, claiming that it should be held responsible for the alleged misdeeds of its Argentine subsidiary. They asserted personal jurisdiction over Daimler on the basis of MBUSA’s contacts with California, although they conceded that none of the events giving rise to their claim occurred in California. The Ninth Circuit upheld the assertion of personal jurisdiction; it held that MBUSA did sufficient business in California to be answerable for any lawsuit filed against it within the state and that Daimler was similarly answerable because MBUSA was Daimler’s agent for jurisdictional purposes. Continue reading “With Bauman v. DaimlerChrysler, High Court May Have Put Brakes on Forum Shopping”