Cross-posted at WLF’s Forbes.com contributor page
Gum, crackers, granola, fruit punch, cheese, nuts and nut mixes, lemonade, stuffing mix, gelatin, easy bake mac-and-cheese.
A good day’s shopping for most, but for some, such as California resident Susan Ivie, this basket full of goods represents a lawsuit in the making. Ms. Ivie purchased these products, produced by Kraft Foods, Cadbury, and Back to Nature, over a four-year period. Upon discovering that those companies had, in her opinion, duped her into making those purchases through false or misleading statements, Ms. Ivie contacted some lawyers, and volunteered to be the lead plaintiff in a class action lawsuit.
Well, we’re not sure if Ivie v. Kraft Foods Global et. al actually came about that way, but a recent decision in the suit provides us another opportunity to opine about the proliferation of food labeling lawsuits and the preferred venue for these claims: The Food Court (aka the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California). To learn more about this litigation trend and why the Northern District is so popular, read a recent story from The Recorder, coincidentally called “Welcome to Food Court“, or read our numerous past posts which use that moniker.
State-level enforcement of federal labeling rules. Ivie pleads her case under, among other laws, California’s “Sherman Laws.” Those laws explicitly adopt all federal food labeling laws and regulations. This tactic allows plaintiffs, and federal judges, to do what federal law explicitly reserves to the FDA — interpret and enforce food labeling rules. Defendants, such as Kraft, Cadbury, and Back to Nature, have tried to get such claims dismissed by arguing the “primary jurisdiction doctrine” and federal preemption. In Ivie, Judge Ronald Whyte went through Ms. Ivie’s shopping cart, item by item, and examined the defendants’ arguments. Continue reading