On April 4, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit breathed new life into a proposed consumer class action lawsuit that was previously—and properly—dismissed with prejudice by the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota. Instead of affirming the district court’s decision, the Eighth Circuit, in an attempt to save the lawsuit, reversed and remanded Melvin Wallace v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., — F.3d —-, 2014 WL 1356860 (8th Cir. Apr. 4, 2014), to the Minnesota state court where it originated. In doing so, the court’s ruling, either by design or by accident, undermined the framework and legislative purpose of the Class Action Fairness Act (“CAFA”).
The case originated in May of 2012, when a group of consumers purporting to represent a putative class sued ConAgra Foods, alleging that some of the company’s Hebrew National beef products are not 100% kosher, as the label claims. 2014 WL 1356860 at *1.ConAgra manufactures Hebrew National meat products using beef slaughtered by AER Services, Inc. (AER). Id. The slaughtering takes place in the facilities of American Foods Group, LLC (AFG), which sells kosher meat to ConAgra and any remaining meat to third parties. Id. AER employs the religious slaughterers, and a third party kosher certification entity named Triangle K, Inc., monitors whether AER, AFG, and ConAgra comply with the kosher rules. Id.
ConAgra promotes the kosher requirements as a reason to purchase Hebrew National products, which cost more than similar non-kosher products. Id. The consumers claim, however, that manufacturing quotas—not kosher rules—is the deciding factor in whether certain meat is certified as kosher; and with a quota of 70% for kosher meat, the kosher inspection process has become defective and unreliable. Id. at *2. Consequently, the consumers maintain they have been misled into paying an “unjustified premium for Hebrew National’s ostensibly kosher beef.” Id. at *1. Continue reading